musa banana

How to Plant, Care and Propagate Musa Banana? [2023 Updated]

Musa Banana plants, which are in the family Musaceae, are perennial herbaceous flowering plants that are native to the tropical areas of Southeast Asia. Most Musa Banana trees grow to a height of about 5 meters (16 feet) and have sweet, healthy fruits that can be eaten. In general, Musa Banana trees are evergreen, and their leaves grow in a spiral pattern. Let’s dive deeper into this kind of plant as well as how to care for it.

What is Musa Banana?

musa banana tree
musa banana tree

The Musa Banana, often called the banana (tree) plant or the Musa Tropicana is a species that may be found in its natural habitat in South-East Asia and Australia. There are slightly over 60 species of Musa, which are members of the Musaceae family. They cannot be termed trees since, technically, they are enormous herbaceous plants.

In addition to being tasty and healthy, some types of Musa Banana may be cultivated as houseplants in an easy and successful manner. As a result, it would seem strange to grow it indoors, but it has been done so ever since the Victorian era when they were proudly exhibited in their warm, humid, and bright conservatories. The Victorian conservatories were undoubtedly much different from those in use now, but the fundamental idea is the same.

Although a Musa Banana plant may make a great houseplant, don’t count on it to bear fruit. The plant needs the tropical weather outdoors in order to bear fruit. Because of this, it requires a lot of care and light as a houseplant, but in exchange, you get a wonderful addition to your home!

The Musa Banana plant is one of the oldest commercial indoor plants, having been grown since the sixth century. Although they originated in Australia and South-East Asia, the first Musa Banana nursery was developed in Costa Rica. However, it is now cultivated in many homes in less tropical nations as well as many tropical ones. William Cavendish, who introduced the Musa Banana plant to Europe, is responsible for giving the fruit its name.

Often Dwarf Musa Banana plants are often seen growing throughout Asia. They are also sometimes cultivated as tall specimen plants in gardens at the rear of borders to offer a hint of the tropics. However, since they need extensive Winter protection, it’s unusual for the typical gardener to grow them in this way.

Musa Banana Tree Care

musa basjoo banana tree
musa basjoo banana tree

Although the majority of Musa Banana tree species thrive in warm regions, certain varieties can tolerate moderately low temperatures. The appropriate planting location is essential for simple maintenance if you’re growing the Musa Banana tree outside. This plant should be grown in a protected area away from high winds since it is prone to leaf damage. Add some new compost to the soil where you wish to plant. And make sure you have adequate room for your specific species’ height and spread.

Musa Banana plants are water hogs from spring through autumn while they are actively developing. To maintain the proper soil moisture, you may need to water every day, particularly during the summer. Throughout the growing season, the plants will also need regular fertilizing. Late summer is when hands, or clusters of bananas, appear. The fruit may be removed from the stem after it is green but inflated and set aside in a cool, dry area to complete ripening.


The majority of Musa Banana plants enjoy full sun, which is defined as at least six hours of direct sunshine on most days. Some types, however, are more prone to scorching and perform well in some shade.


These plants like deep, organically rich soil that drains well and has a pH that is just slightly acidic. Typically, they have a low tolerance for soil salt.

musa green banana
musa green banana

Plant Nutrition

A Musa Banana plant indoors definitely requires plant nourishment. The plant might need a few additional nutrients in the summer because of how quickly it grows. In the summer, it is ideal to once every two weeks give a little plant nourishment to its water. A Musa Banana plant doesn’t need special nutrient supplements.

Lack of nutrients will cause the banana plant to develop more slowly and maybe even hang down a bit. Your houseplant doesn’t need any feeding throughout the winter. Even in the winter, too many nutrients might cause your plant to perish.

Thermodynamics and Humidity

These plants like moderate temperatures; they do not fare well in hot or cold climates. Even the cold-resistant, tough types of banana trees demand constant temperatures between 75 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Dry weather and cold temperatures might cause the plants to swiftly wither away. Mist the leaves every day to raise the humidity level.


At least once every week, a Musa Banana tree has to be watered. It is advisable to water the plant twice a week in the heat. The Musa Banana plant encounters a tropical downpour every day in the wild. You may regularly set the plant in the shower to recreate this tropical atmosphere.

Make sure the water can flow away from the area easily. Otherwise, water will continue to collect in the flowerpot’s bottom, which might lead to root rot in your Musa Banana plant. A Musa Banana plant just needs a little mist of water once a week throughout the winter.

musa banana plant indoors
musa banana plant indoors


Musa Banana plants consume a lot of food. Throughout the growing season, use a balanced fertilizer on a regular basis according to package directions. Additionally, add compost each year to the soil to increase the amount of organic matter.


The house doesn’t truly have a detrimental upper-temperature limit. However, it’s best to stay away from heat pockets or sun traps like those found between windows and curtains since they often become too hot for plants to adjust to.

The kind you are cultivating will determine the lowest temperature that is suitable. Some Musa bananas may live below freezing, but if you place a Dwarf Cavendish plant anywhere below 10°C (50°F), it will begin to suffer harm.

Musa Banana Planting

dwarf musa banana
dwarf musa banana

Follow these instructions to add a banana plant to your house.

  • Select a pot. While you should allow your plant space to expand, choosing a container that is too large might lead to problems. Choose a container that is about twice as wide as the corm of your plant. A drainage hole should be present in the container.
  • Put dirt in the container. Fill the planter 2/3 full with a mixture like that described above.
  • Plant there; cover. bury your plant in the ground. Soil should be placed over the corm so that it is level with the beginning of the pseudostem. Keep the top part of the corm exposed when planting a corm that has no leaves.
  • Water. Water your plant after it is comfortable in its new location.

Propagating Musa Banana Trees

musa banana fruit
musa banana fruit

Follow these procedures to divide your Musa Banana plants to increase their number:

  • Look for a plant that has several suckers. You’ll need a plant with several pseudostems if you want to grow Musa Banana plants without destroying your mother plant. Give your plant some time if it just has one. Before starting the multiplication process, suckers should be at least a foot tall.
  • Take a sucker out. Cut into the corm to remove the sucker. The sucker, along with a portion of the corm and roots, must be taken out. Aim to take out no more than 25% of the corm at a time while doing this.
  • Take off the leaves. Remove the bigger leaves from the plant once you have removed the sucker. You may either leave a few sparse leaves or pick them all out.
  • Put it inside a pot. Your new plant is now prepared to go into its new location! Put it in a pot with a base that is just a few inches broader than that pot. Put it in a suitable setting and water it.

Potting and Repotting Musa Banana

banana tree musa
banana tree musa

Banana trees may grow in containers, but for optimum development, they typically need at least a 15-gallon pot. Use a loose potting mix that is rich in organic material and check to see whether the pot has drainage holes.

One advantage of potting your Musa Banana tree is that you may bring it inside to protect it from the cold and bad weather. However, since they will use up the restricted soil in their pots more quickly than Musa Banana trees planted in the ground, banana plants in pots often need more water and fertilizer.

Additionally, they may not produce fruit and are unlikely to grow to their fullest potential. Nevertheless, a lot of people like them for their beautiful foliage. Every three years, you should split and repot container banana plants, removing any suckers from the parent plant.

Typical Pests & Plant Diseases of Musa Banana

Musa Banana tree owners must be on the lookout for the many pests and illnesses that may affect a Musa Banana tree. Among pests are the following:

  • Aphid insects: Aphid insects are a pest that may spread illnesses that harm any fruit that is produced and create twisted and withered leaves.
  • Black weevils: Black weevils are pests that may be controlled with insecticides if you see jelly-like fluid leaking from the plant.
  • Nematodes: The most frequent pest of Musa Banana trees, nematodes, will damage both the plant and the fruit.
  • Sap-sucking insects: Small white fungus gnats and red creepy crawlies, two sap-sucking insects, are also frequent on Musa Banana fruits.
  • Scarring beetle: This pest may be controlled using insecticides. It attacks clusters of the plant’s fruit.
  • Tiny thrips: This bug will crack and discolor the fruit’s skin.
red musa banana
red musa banana

Musa Banana trees are susceptible to a wide variety of diseases, but industrial fungicides and insecticides may keep them under control in large-scale farms. Look out for root rot, leaf-spot disease, wilt, and powdery mildew on Musa Banana plants kept in containers inside.

Wrapping Up

It’s time to get a Musa Banana plant into your house now that you are fully aware of how to care for them. Your plant will bring a little touch of the tropics into your house as long as you give it a hot, humid climate and plenty of sunshine.


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